Apollo 17 Astronaut Gene Cernan becomes the last man on the Moon, December 13, 1972, An artist impression of an American Apollo spacecraft and Soviet Soyuz spacecraft docking, a propaganda portrait for the Apollo–Soyuz Test Project mission, America's first space station Skylab in orbit February 8, 1974, Viking 1, the first of two spacecraft sent to Mars, takes this picture of the landing site in Chryse Planitia (1978), Voyager 1 passing by Jupiter's Great Red Spot February 25, 1979. The realization that oil reserves were not endless and technological development was not sustainable[citation needed] without potentially harming the environment ended the belief in limitless progress that had existed since the 19th century. At the start of the 70s decade, the consumption of oil in the United States of America was at an all-time high. Riots ensued during the weekend and the National Guard was called in to maintain the peace. The top ten highest-grossing films of the decade are (in order from highest to lowest grossing): Star Wars, Jaws, Grease, The Exorcist, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Superman, The Godfather, Saturday Night Fever, Rocky, and Jaws 2. Here's an early arcade console — later, it would be designed to have enough room for resting your beer. The Cincinnati Reds go to the World Series in 1970, 1972, 1975, and 1976, led by the Big Red Machine winning two out of four. Prominent assassinations, targeted killings, and assassination attempts include: The 1970s were perhaps the worst decade of most industrialized countries' economic performance since the Great Depression. Singer-songwriters such as Elton John, James Taylor and Jackson Browne also came into vogue during the early 1970s. American Motors beat out the U.S. Big Three to subcompact sized model (the Gremlin) in 1970, but its fortunes declined throughout the decade, forcing it into a partnership with the French automaker Renault in 1979. In addition to the deaths in the 1970s, breakups of bands and duos; such as the Beatles, Simon and Garfunkel, Creedence Clearwater Revival, the Everly Brothers, and others; occurred over the course of the decade. Funk, an offshoot of soul music with a greater emphasis on beats, and influences from rhythm and blues, jazz, and psychedelic rock, was also very popular. Among the popular artists in 1970 year were Elton John, who arrived from England and the Jackson Five, hailing from “Motown” AKA Detroit, Michigan. The seventies were seen as the "woman's turn", though many feminists incorporated civil rights ideals into their movement. Australian-American singer Helen Reddy, recorded the song "I Am Woman", which became an anthem for the women's liberation movement. 1970s edition. The Loud family is profiled in PBS' An American Family, becoming the first reality show. In 1974, Australian TV tests color transmissions (full-time color comes in 1975). [13] [14] Styling on American cars became progressively more boxy and rectilinear during the 1970s,[15] with coupes being the most popular body style. Sexing the Past: Communal Exposure and Self-Examination in, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 00:09. It had taken only fifty years to go from the first 100 million census in 1920 to the second. Such bands included The Doobie Brothers, Bread, Styx, Kansas, and REO Speedwagon. On April 9, 1975, Asia's first professional basketball league, the Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) were played first game at the Araneta Coliseum in Cubao, Quezon City, Philippines. Criminal non-fiction also became a popular topic. Economically, the 1970s were marked by the energy crisis which peaked in 1973 and 1979 (see 1973 oil crisis and 1979 oil crisis). Between 1977 and 1979, it became more mainstream, particularly with the outlaw movement, led by Waylon Jennings and Willie Nelson. European car design underwent major changes during the 1970s due to the need for performance with high fuel efficiency—designs such as the Volkswagen Golf and Passat, BMW 3, 5, and 7 series, and Mercedes-Benz S-Class appeared at the latter half of the decade. The trains consisted of British Rail Class 43 diesel-electric locomotives at either end with British Rail Mark 3 carriages. However, by 4 May 1970, tensions arose again, and as the crowd grew larger, the National Guard started shooting. Norman Mailer and Gore Vidal fight on the December 5 episode of The Dick Cavett Show. The 1976 Summer Olympics were held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Doors of opportunity were more numerous and much further open than before as women gained unheard of success in business, politics, education, science, the law, and even the home. Japan's economic growth surpassed the rest of the world in the 1970s, unseating the United States as the world's foremost industrial power. It was the decade of the Space Hopper, the Ford Cortina, Raleigh Chopper bikes, the record player and cassette recorder. To get the economically devastating effects of inflation under control in the 1970s, the Federal Reserve should have followed a constrictive monetary … The Godfather (1972) was also one of the decade's greatest successes and its first follow-up, The Godfather Part II (1974) was also successful for a sequel. Anti-Americanism had gotten a boost with the publication in 1967 of Jean Jacques Servan-Schreiber’s phenomenally influential and best-selling book Le Défi Américain . Share. [20] Presley's funeral was held at Graceland, on Thursday, August 18, 1977. In the world of music, big changes were afoot as well, and there were many clear signs that the 60s were over. Wood decor and paneling was integral to 1970s interior design as well, replacing the obsession of the 1950s and 1960s with chrome and aluminum. Television still had its medical shows of the 1970s, however, Emergency! What happened in India in 1970s? Eighty-thousand people attended the funeral ceremony at the Olympic Stadium of Munich. The global experience of the cultural transition of the 1970s and an experience of a global zeitgeist revealed the interdependence of economies since World War II, in a world increasingly polarized between the United States and the Soviet Union. This 1970s feminism timeline describes important women's rights events of that revolutionary decade. It is watched by more people than the Moon Landing. On October 1, Walt Disney World officially opens. January 1. After the first oil shock in 1973, gasoline was rationed in many countries. In addition, many newcomer rock groups such as Black Sabbath and Led Zeppelin appeared. The trains were built in the United Kingdom by British Rail Engineering Limited. Names of leaders shown in bold have remained in power continuously throughout the decade. Game shows such as Match Game, The Hollywood Squares, Family Feud, and many others saw its golden age on daytime television. As a result, the 1970s adversely distinguished itself from the prosperous postwar period between 1945 and 1973. NASA had planned for a Shuttle mission to the space station, but the shuttles were not ready to fly until 1981, too late to save it. What Happened in 1970 History The popular band "The Beatles" announce they have disbanded. Earth Day was first observed in San Francisco and other cities on March 21, 1970, the first day of Spring. By the 1970s, crime and blighted urban areas were a serious cause of concern, New York City being particularly affected. Child erotica found a niche market, but would eventually be banned under child pornography laws in the 1980s to 1990s. [2] In the Western world, social progressive values that began in the 1960s, such as increasing political awareness and economic liberty of women, continued to grow. Faith in government was at an all-time low in the aftermath of Vietnam and Watergate, as exemplified by the low voter turnout in the 1976 United States presidential election. By then, however, they had already begun Salyut, the world's first space station program, which began in 1971. In Eastern Europe, Soviet-style command economies began showing signs of stagnation, in which successes were persistently dogged by setbacks. In terms of unmanned missions, a variety of lunar and planetary probes were launched by the US and Soviet programs during the decade. The feminist movement also splintered from a larger push for Civil Rights in the 1970s. [citation needed]. Technology changed how we played games and worked. In the United Kingdom, the 1979 election resulted in the victory of its Conservative leader Margaret Thatcher, the first female British Prime Minister. You're not alone. The first Earth Day, held on April 22, 1970, marked a … The fiftieth anniversary of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (which legalized female suffrage) in 1970 was commemorated by the Women's Strike for Equality and other protests. [28] What started with a few players like Victor Malafronte, Z Weyand and Ken Westerfield experimenting with new ways of throwing and catching a frisbee, later would become known as playing freestyle. Share your love for 1970s Sports: History, MVPs & Champions The Steelers were in the hunt every year, plowing toward 4 Super Bowl titles. Women were also established portraying action characters in programs like Police Woman, Wonder Woman, The Bionic Woman, and others. Similarly, the gay movement made a huge step forward in the 1970s with the election of political figures such as Harvey Milk to public office and the advocating of anti-gay discrimination legislation passed and not passed during the decade. Popular and notable video games of the 1970s include: The first commercially available video game console, entitled, Women's hairstyles went from long and straight in the first half of the decade to the feathery cut of. Shows featuring African-Americans as main characters, such as Sanford and Son, Maude, The Jeffersons, Good Times, and What's Happening!! Spike Milligan's Q and the still-popular Monty Python's Flying Circus both used surreal comedy, originating from the 1950s The Goon Show. A harsher side of society was shown by comedy series like Porridge and Rising Damp, while sitcoms such as Mind Your Language, Love Thy Neighbour and Till Death Us Do Part reflected social unease brought about by post-war immigration. Amtrak was formed in the United States in 1971, assuming responsibility for inter-city passenger operations throughout the country. The AristoCats, directed by Wolfgang Reitherman, was one of the most viewed movies released in 1970 while Islands In The Stream by Ernest Hemingway was one of the best selling books. The oil shocks of 1973 and 1979added to the existing ailments and conjured high inflation throughout much of the world for th… 1970s Facts 44. At the National Women's Conference in 1977 a minority women's resolution, promoted by King and others, passed to ensure racial equality in the movement's goals. Sex was huge in the '70s! As well as the hippie look, the 70s also gave way to glam rock styles, started off by David Bowie who is named the King of Glam Rock. However, the middle-class settings of The Good Life and The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin contrasted with their anti-establishment theme of people rejecting traditional social norms. Star Channel launched their service offerings nationally in 1973 through the delivery of movies on video tapes for cable providers to broadcast. Labor strikes happened with such frequency as to almost paralyze the country's infrastructure. These startling 1970s New York photos reveal a city undergoing an unparalleled transformation fueled by economic collapse and rampant crime. In 1970s European cinema, the failure of the Prague Spring brought about nostalgic motion pictures such as István Szabó's Szerelmesfilm (1970). ASTP was the last manned American space flight for the next five years. Non-monarch women heads of state and heads of government in this period included Isabel Martínez de Perón as the first woman President in Argentina and the first woman non-monarch head of state in the Western hemisphere in 1974 until being deposed in 1976, Elisabeth Domitien becomes the first woman Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, Indira Gandhi continuing as Prime Minister of India until 1977 (and taking office again in 1980), Prime Minister Golda Meir of Israel and acting Chairman Soong Ching-ling of the People's Republic of China continuing their leadership from the sixties, Lidia Gueiler Tejada becoming the interim President of Bolivia beginning from 1979 to 1980, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo becoming the first woman Prime Minister of Portugal in 1979, and Margaret Thatcher becoming the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1979. The high speed trains ran at 125 miles per hour (201 km/h) speeding up journeys between towns and cities and is still known as the InterCity 125. 5 out of 5 stars (3,043) 3,043 reviews. EMAIL. Media giant Viacom launched their premium service, Showtime, nationally on July 1, 1976, after a brief, wildly successful test launch on their cable system in Dublin, California.[27]. The '70s was the last decade when a person could wake up one day having no idea who Darth Vader was—and by dinner that night their head would be spinning with thoughts of the Dark Side and black helmets and lightsabers. Adult movie theaters, which had exploded in numbers during the 1970s and were widely seen as a symptom of urban decay in the US, declined as pornographic movies would largely shift to VHS tapes during the succeeding decade. 5 Things We Did As Children In The 1970s That Kids Today Don't Do. In 1972, the Northern Ireland Parliament was suspended and Northern Ireland was directly ruled … On August 17, 1976, a magnitude 8 earthquake struck Moro Gulf near the island of sulu in Mindanao, Philippines causing a tsunami killing 5,000 to 8,000 people. The Beatles disbanded in 1970, but each member of the band immediately released a highly successful solo album, and Paul McCartney especially would remain extremely popular throughout the decade. Pop culture was changed by Star Wars and product tie-ins. Racism remained a key literary subject. In popular music, embracing the '70s meant both an, Guidelines for this section are listed at, Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries, The 'Me' Decade and the Third Great Awakening, List of coups d'état and coup attempts § 1970–1979, List of terrorist incidents § 1970s–2000s, Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Wikipedia:WikiProject Years#Notable world leaders, "Golden Age of Capitalism: Reinterpreting the Postwar Experience - Oxford Scholarship", 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198287414.001.0001, "Economic History of Japan in the 1970a and 80s", "Greenland Takes a Step Towards Autonomy", "Inflation and CPI Consumer Price Index 1970–1979", "What Was "Lucy"? Car chase movies also became a popular film genre of the 1970s with such films as Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry in 1974, and perhaps the genre's most popular film Smokey and the Bandit in 1977. 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